RPM addsign fail on vendor-provided package (and a workaround)

We’ve been signing RPM packages in local repos for a while now, and this has been working nicely (see previous posts about rpm signing)… until today.

The Intel Fortran 2015 installer provides RPMs which are already signed by Intel and which install and work fine, so we push these out with Puppet from our local (private) repo. However, even though I’d signed them myself they were failing to verify the signature…

Original RPM before re-signing locally:

  => rpm --checksig intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
  intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: RSA sha1 ((MD5) PGP) md5 NOT OK (MISSING KEYS: (MD5) PGP#7a5a985f) 

  => rpm -qpi intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
  warning: intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 7a5a985f: NOKEY
  Name        : intel-fcompxe-187            
  ...
  Signature   : RSA/SHA1, Fri 10 Apr 2015 13:23:59 BST, Key ID 27fbcd8d7a5a985f

So I go ahead and sign the package:

  => rpm --addsign intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm 
  Enter pass phrase: [type passphrase]
  Pass phrase is good.
  intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm:

All looks fine, so lets check the signature again:

  => rpm --checksig intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
  intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: RSA RSA sha1 sha1 ((MD5) PGP) ((MD5) PGP) md5 md5 NOT OK (MISSING KEYS: (MD5) PGP#7a5a985f (MD5) PGP#262a742e) 

  => rpm -qpi intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
warning: intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 7a5a985f: NOKEY
  Name        : intel-fcompxe-187            
  ...
  Signature   : RSA/SHA1, Fri 10 Apr 2015 13:23:59 BST, Key ID 27fbcd8d7a5a985f

Odd, it hasn’t changed… Let’s try removing the signature instead:

=> rpm --delsign intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm 
intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm:

=> rpm --checksig intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: RSA RSA sha1 sha1 sha1 ((MD5) PGP) ((MD5) PGP) md5 md5 md5 NOT OK (MISSING KEYS: (MD5) PGP#7a5a985f (MD5) PGP#262a742e) 

That’s very odd, it’s added tags to the signature header. And if you try a few more times (just to be sure, right? :), it adds more tags to the header:

=> rpm --delsign intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm 
intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm:
...
Packager    : http://www.intel.com/software/products/support
Summary     : Intel(R) Fortran Compiler XE 15.0 Update 3 for Linux*
Description :
Intel(R) Fortran Compiler XE 15.0 Update 3 for Linux*

=> rpm --checksig intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: RSA RSA sha1 sha1 sha1 sha1 sha1 sha1 ((MD5) PGP) ((MD5) PGP) md5 md5 md5 md5 md5 md5 NOT OK (MISSING KEYS: (MD5) PGP#7a5a985f (MD5) PGP#262a742e) 

If you do this a few more times then rpm can’t read the package at all anymore!

  => rpm --checksig intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm
  error: intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: rpmReadSignature failed: sigh tags: BAD, no. of tags(33) out of range

  => rpm -ql -v -p intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm 
  error: intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: rpmReadSignature failed: sigh tags: BAD, no. of tags(33) out of range
  error: intel-fcompxe-187-15.0-3.noarch.rpm: not an rpm package (or package manifest)

Ooops!

Workaround: Add the vendor keys as you should do, rather than re-signing. Appending the public key to the required RPM-GPG_KEY-* file is all that’s required, and then you can install the packages just fine.

Future work: Submit bug report about this to the rpm-sign developers…

Signing RPM packages

RPM signingI’m sure many Linux sysadmins around the university build RPMs to ease the deployment of software to RedHat-a-like systems. But how many people sign them? Signing is important to make sure your boxes are getting the packages you’re expecting, and allows smoother installation on the box itself. I’ve written a few notes about what we do in the ResNet NetOps team in case they are useful to anyone else. These are loosely based upon some notes hidden in the depths of the ResNet wiki.

Setting rpmbuild up to sign

Before you can sign packages, you need to set up your signing key. There is one key per repo, not per repo¬†maintainer¬†(apparently this is different from apt – I dunno, I’m an RPM guy!). There’s no point in re-inventing the wheel, so use these instructions to get set up with your signing key.

Signing your own packages

If you build your packages either from specfile and tarball, or by rebuilding a source rpm, signing is easy. At the time you build your package, just add the --sign option to sign the RPM with your key. There’s no need to specify whom to sign the package as, because your ~/.rpmmacros file specifies this.

rpmbuild -ba --sign source-1.0.spec
rpmbuild --rebuild source-1.0.srpm

Re-signing someone else’s packages

Often, you’ll need to drag someone else’s third-party RPM into your repo for easy deployment. All the RPMs in your repo should be signed with the same key, regardless of original source. You can sign existing RPMs like this:

rpm --resign package-1.0.rpm